The first factor affects children of less than four year old and represents the majority of fatal drowning.
They occur because very young children beyond parental supervision drown in unprotected water sources that are within 20 meters of their habitation. In addition, parents are often not informed of drowning for an hour or more. Without having acess to running water, the villagers must contain the water they need close to their homes. This lack of security around the water points cause a large proportion of accidents because water reserves are within range of very young children.